EuroMeSCo Policy Brief 63: Countering Violent Extremism in the MENA Region: Time to Rethink Approaches and Strategies. By Moussa Bourekba

The foreign fighters (FFs) phenomenon affecting MENA countries is unprecedented in its scale and pace. While most MENA countries have adopted “hard” strategies based on security-focused approaches, countering violent extremism (CVE) also requires the use of “soft” strategies stemming from multidimensional approaches. This means turning the current short-term strategy into a long-term strategy addressing the roots of violent extremism.


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EuroMeSCo network welcomes six new Members

The 2016 EuroMeSCo General Assembly, held in Brussels on 13 April, saw the entry into the network of six new institutes. EuroMeSCo would like to welcome its new members:

  • Carnegie Europe, Belgium;
  • Center for Middle Eastern Strategic Studies – ORSAM, Turkey;
  • Center of Arab Women for Training and Research – CAWTAR, Tunisia;
  • Institute of Studies on Mediterranean Societies – ISSM, Italy;
  • Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary;
  • OCP Policy Center, Morocco
EuroMeSCo Policy Brief 62: The Migration Crisis: Issue or Opportunity? By Anna Di Bartolomeo

The ongoing refugee crisis is the most acute political and policy challenge the EU and its neighbouring countries have been facing lately. The scale of the crisis increased in the course of 2014 and reached a peak in 2015. With a focus on Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Greece, Italy and Spain, this brief contends that the EU policies have been inadequate in addressing the magnitude of the crisis. Thus, it recommends some options that the EU could consider such as better recognizing the economic and demographic need of migrants, opening more regular channels of migration to the EU, managing migration flows at origin, pursuing rationale and long-term integration policies, enhancing migrants’ resources and strengthening cooperation programmes with origin countries.


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EuroMeSCo General Assembly and Annual Conference 2016

The 2016 EuroMeSCo General Assembly and Annual Conference took place at the Egmont Palace in Brussels on 13-15 April 2016. The event, co-organised with EGMONT - The Royal Institute for International Relations, gathered 150 recognised experts and policy-makers to debate the current security situation in the region and reflect on ingredients, formats, stakeholders and actions for a greater and more effective cooperation to address security challenges. The aim of the Conference was to contribute to the debate in the final stretch before the release of the EU Global Strategy.


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Joint Policy Study 3: Terrorist Threat in the Euro-Mediterranean Region. By Amal Mukhtar (Ed.), Fouad Ammor, Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck, Patrycja Sasnal

The Joint Policy Study analyses the threat coming from terrorist groups with a focus on the issue of foreign fighters’ recruitment by Daesh, Al-Nusra Front, and Al Qaeda.

The first chapter discusses the reasons of the appeal of ISIS in Europe and in the Middle East as well as the causes of radicalisation , grouping them in four categories: ideological and political, sociological and psychological, economic, technical and practical. The second chapter examines the channels used by the terrorist groups in order to attract new recruits. Tactics deployed towards different profiles of people, methods and major places of recruitment as well as messages disseminated in order to mobilise new fighters are analysed. The following chapter focuses on the specific case of the significant role of women in Jihadist movements in general and in IS in particular, and the drivers that entice women into Jihadism. The final contribution analyses the geopolitical environment in which Daesh has been able to flourish, with a focus on the role of international and regional actors.

The Joint Policy Study is the outcome of the Working Package on "Terrorist Threat in the Euro-Mediterranean Region", led by Al Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in the framework of the EuroMeSCo ENI Project.


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